A. Sutherland - AncientPages.com - According to surviving clay tablet, dated by the scribe who wrote around 2125 BC during the reign of King Utukhegal of Erech (Uruk), we read that:
After the Flood, a dramatic and devastating event, the kingship had descended from heaven, and Kish became the seat of kingship. In Kish, twenty-three kings reigned 24,510 years, three months, 3 1/2 days. When Kish was defeated, its kingship was carried off to Eanna.
In Eanna (the name of the temple of Inanna in Uruk) we meet, Meskiaggasher, the son of the sun god Utu, who reigned as En (Priest) and Lugal (King) for 324 years.
We do not know precisely what his role was in Uruk, but he would have been the master and guardian of the fortress around which his son would have built the city of Uruk, and the temple became the main shrine of the goddess.
Unlike his future successors, Enmerkar, Lugalbanda, Dumuzi the Fisherman, and Gilgamesh, not much is known about him and confirmed except for the Sumerian King List saying that he was the son of the Sun and the founder of a dynasty. It is unknown how Meskiaggasher's reign came to an end, but legend has it, he 'entered the sea, ascended the mountains.'
Meskiaggasher is indeed a mythical character.
According to the Sumerian King List, during Meskiaggasher's time, the city of Uruk was not particularly large. Enmerkar is believed to have lived at the end of the 4th or beginning of 3000 BC. He ascended the throne after his father's death.
Sumerian King List - Photo: Ashmolean Museum
He became a true Sumerian ruler and ancient hero to whom the construction of Uruk and a 420-year-long reign were attributed.
The extremely long reign of Meskiaggasher indicates this individual was a mythological character.
It is interesting to note that the city of Uruk is mentioned in relation to different Sumerian personalities.
For example, "in Mesopotamian myths, Gilgamesh is presented as a demigod of superhuman strength that lived a very long life. Based on the' Sumerian King List,' we learn that the great hero, Gilgamesh, reigned 126 years. He lived in the ancient Sumerian city of Uruk. He was the son of the mortal Lugulbanda and a minor goddess, Ninsun.
Gilgamesh built and beautifully remodeled this great city to honor An, the father of the gods, and his daughter, Inanna, the goddess of love and war. He also irrigated the fields, dug wells, and made orchards. One of his more significant achievements was constructing the city walls of Uruk to defend his people from enemies." 1
Meskiaggasher was an enigmatic person in Mesopotamian mythology. Credit: Adobe Stock - swisshippo
From the Sumerian King List, we also learn that Enmerkar "appears as the second king of the First Dynasty of Uruk. His father was Meskiaggasher (Mesh-ki-ang-gasher), the son of the god Utu (the twin of the goddess Inanna, the Queen of Heaven), later worshipped as Shamash, the Mesopotamian Sun god associated with justice, truth, and morality. Utu, on the other hand, was Enmerkar's grandfather." 2
In ancient times, Uruk was a place of great importance, which explains why so many mythological rulers and significant historical figures are associated with this once mighty city of Sumer.
"Meskiaggasher inaugurated the dynasty of Uruk. Relative chronology allows scholars to date this semi-legendary personality to 2700 BC.
His successors all belong to an era which has been rightly called " the heroic age of Sumer." 3
Written by – A. Sutherland - AncientPages.com Senior Staff Writer
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Expand for references
1. A. Sutherland, Uruk Was Ruled By Gilgamesh Who Built City's Great Walls, AncientPages.com
2. A. Sutherland, Enmerkar: Legendary Sumerian Founder And Ruler Of Uruk And Grandson Of God Utu, AncientPages.com
3. Sasson, Jack M. "Some Literary Motifs in the Composition of the Gilgamesh Epic." Studies in Philology69, no. 3 (1972): 259-79.
Samuel Noah Kramer, "Sumerians"
Samuel Noah Kramer, "Sumerian Mythology"