A. Sutherland - AncientPages.com - We encounter dragons in almost every ancient culture of the world. Dragons played an important role in the beliefs of our ancestors and these creatures were depicted in a variety of ways.
Dragons can be placed in two groups- East and West dragons, and they were regarded as either good or very fearsome and evil creatures.
Dragons in Ancient Chinese Mythology
In ancient China, the dragon was a highly significant creature that became a symbol of the Emperor and his throne was sometimes called the Dragon Throne. Ancient Chinese believed dragons were in control of the weather and water. These creatures were said to be able to manipulate oceans, floods, tornadoes, and storms.
There are nine distinctive Chinese dragons and some of them are serpent-like creatures with large bodies and long heads. The dragon in China is believed to be a benign creature that is said to bring wisdom, power, and luck. They are famous for their goodness, ward off evil, protect the innocent and bring safety to all.
Ancient Chinese Dragon
Tradition and celebration of New Year in China can be traced to a dragon named Nien (or “year”).
Nien was a legendary wild beast that attacked people at the end of the old year. Villagers would use loud noises and bright lights to scare the creature away, a practice that slowly morphed into the Chinese New Year festivities. Today the dragon has its own year on the Chinese calendar.
Dragons In British And Scandinavian Mythology
On the British Isles and in Scandinavia, dragons were often depicted as wingless creatures. In this part of the world, the dragon was depicted as a more malevolent creature that was very difficult to kill. The West dragon was wingless and lived in dark places or wells where he was guarding hoard treasures. Approaching the dragon was almost impossible because of its poisonous fire breath.
Dragons in British and Scandinavian mythology often appear in stories when a prince tries to save a young maiden from being abducted by the fearsome animal. If he can slay the dragon, he can become the new King and win the girl as his bride.
Dragon Kings In Chinese Mythology
In ancient Chinese mythology, we encounter five enormous dragon kings who were rainmakers and rulers of the waters. Four of them were stationed at the cardinal points and ruled the seas. Their chief had his abode in the middle. The five dragon kings were named Lung Wang.
Chinese Dragon Kings
The dragon kings of China lived in crystal palaces under the sea. It was believed these underwater dwellings were part of the mysterious Underworld that could only be reached through underground mountain caves and special secret entrances. When the Water Dragons rose to the surface they caused typhoons and when they flew through the air caused heavy rain and hurricanes. The Dragon Kings are among the deified forces of nature of the Taoist religion.
Dragon’s Head As A Viking Symbol
A dragon’s head was one of the most famous symbols of the Vikings. The Viking dragon was in many ways a representation of the Midgard Serpent, a mythical sea creature who fought with the Norse god, Thor.
Many ships were equipped with carved dragon heads on top of the stem, while the stern often was shaped like a dragon's tail.
The reason why Vikings built ships with huge dragonheads was that they wanted to appear as frightening as possible from a long distance. Vikings called their longships “drakkar” or dragon ships and the dragon was a powerful and fearsome symbol of war.
The Pendragons Of Wales
Many have seen the Welsh flag features a red dragon and that the Prince of Wales uses rampant dragons on his banner.
The Welsh flag.
The old British word “draig,” meant leader, and the word, “pen,” meant head. The two words combined to form Pendragon or Pen Draig, a noble surname in early Britain as early as the fifth century. The dragon symbol continued to be used by the last native Welsh princes of Wales, Llewelyn ap Gruffydd and Owain Glyndwr, during their struggles against English occupation in the 14th and 15th centuries.
The Pendragon name in Welsh literature includes Uther Pendragon, father of the legendary King Arthur.
Ancient And Modern Superstitions About Dragons
In ancient times there also many superstitions about the dragon, and surprisingly some of them persist even today.
It was, for example, believed that the blood of the dragon held special properties that could give a person the power to see into the future. On the other hand, it was also said that if a knight dipped the tip of his sword into the dragon's blood and stabbed you with it, the wound would never heal.
Dragon teeth were thought to bring good luck to the person who possessed them.
The dragon has survived as a powerful symbol in many parts of the world.
Written by – A. Sutherland AncientPages.com Staff Writer
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Expand for references
Doug Niles - Dragons: The Myths, Legends, and Lore
Carol Rose - Giants, Monsters, and Dragons: An Encyclopedia of Folklore, Legend, and Myth