Ellen Lloyd - AncientPages.com - Known by his nickname, Grutte Pier was a man of extraordinary strength and size. His real name was Pier Gerlofs Donia, and he was born in 1480 in Kimswerd near the city of Harlingen, Wonseradeel (modern Friesland, Netherlands).
He was a unique individual who should have been an ordinary farm boy, but when his village was plundered and his wife killed, he sought revenge on those who cost him pain and sorrow. To some Grutte Pier was just a brutal rebel and pirate, but many regarded him as a legendary freedom fighter.
The Black Band Landsknechts - Feared European Mercenaries
On 29 January 1515, the Black Band landsknechts entered his village. The arrival of these German mercenaries made people tremble with fear. During the 16th century, the Black Band landsknechts were the most feared soldiers on Europe’s battlefields.
Just like the Varangian Guard, they were military warriors hired to take part in an armed conflict.
"De dapperheid van Grote Pier" (The bravery of Grote Pier), anno 1516, Oil on canvas by Johannes Hinderikus Egenberger, (Arnhem 1822 – Utrecht 1897). Credit: Public Domain
In Grutte Pier’s village, the Black Band landsknechts burned the church and Donia's estate. They murdered and plundered. Rintze Syrtsema, wife of Grutte Pier was raped and killed.
Seeking revenge, Grutte Pier allied himself with Charles of Egmond, Duke of Gueldersand started a guerrilla war campaign against the House of Habsburg, also called the House of Austria. Grutte Pier blamed the Habsburg authorities for the events because they had employed the murderous regiment.
Pier Gerlofs Donia And His Arumer Zwarte Hoop Became Pirates
Grutte Pier received financial support from Charles II, Duke of Guelders, and his military campaign was successful.
His band, known as the Arumer Zwarte Hoop consisted of peasant rebels who became dangerous pirates. Using guerrilla tactics, Pier’s pirates managed to capture several English and Dutch ships.
Image of Grutte Pier made in 1622, long after his death which is why he is dressed in 17th-century clothing. Credit: Public Domain
In the city of Medemblik, the Arumer Zwarte Hoop also managed to siege two important castles. This was a great military achievement but at the cost of many victims. Grutte Pier and the Arumer Zwarte Hoop plundered Medemblik, killed many inhabitants, and some were taken as prisoners.
When Pier and his army stormed Nieuwburg and Middleburg Castle near Alkmaar, they plundered and set them on fire, leaving only ruins. Now he and the Arumer Zwarte Hoop were controlling a strategic military area.
In 1517, the Arumer Zwarte Hoop captured the town of Asperen, where they killed almost all inhabitants.
Pier’s Forces Could Not Win Over The Habsburgs
Grutte Pier’s freedoms fight was undoubtedly successful, but he was also criticized for killing many innocent people.
At the end, the Habsburgs were too strong and couldn’t be defeated.
In 1519, Grutte Pier retired, and his Lieutenant Wijerd Jelckama took command over the Arumer Zwarte Hoop. The peasant rebels fought for some years until they were finally captured and executed in 1523.
Grutte Pier died peacefully on 18 October 1520. Though he had no sons, he has many descendants through his daughter, Wobel. His tomb is located in the city of Sneek.
Grutte Pier And His Legendary Sword
At the Fries Museum in Leeuwarden there is a giant sword on display. It is said that it once belonged to Grutte Pier. These swords are known as Zweihänders, and they were mostly associated with either Swiss or German mercenaries known as Landsknecht.
Statue of Grutte Pier in his hometown of Kimswerd. The line of text on the foot of the statue reads in Frisian "Grutte Pier". Credit: Public Domain - CC BY-SA 3.0
Grutte Pier’s sword measures 2.13 meters (7 ft) in length and weighs about 6.6 kilograms (14.6 lb). Needless to say, it takes someone of extraordinary strength to use this kind of sword.
According to his Lieutenant Wijerd Jelckama, Grutte Pier could wield the sword and behead multiple people with it in a single blow. Allegedly, the Frisian pirate and freedoms fighter was so strong that he could bend coins using just his thumb, index, and middle finger. His giant helmet can be viewed in the town hall of Sneek.
Was Grutte Pier a giant? He was certainly tall, but it’s hard to classify him as a giant. Records state that his height was about 213 cm.
Long after his death, Grutte Pier became a legend giving rise to stories of other strong men in Germanic heroic literature.
Written by Ellen Lloyd – AncientPages.com
Updated on July 18, 2021
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